A region in western Iran generally encompassed by the Zagros Mountains, Lorestan is probably the most established spot in Iran as well as the entire world.
Archeological unearthings have demonstrated it to be one of the most punctual human living spaces and Lorestan bronze (Mefragh) is world celebrated. Given its authentic centrality, it is the main territory to which one complete segment of the four wings of the Iran National Museum is designated. The other three zones are committed to the pre-notable time, Islamic period, and seals and coins.
Lorestan has among the most elevated measures of precipitation.
Climatically, the area can be separated into three sections: the precipitous areas, for example, Boroujerd, Doroud, Azna, Nourabad and Alishtar experience cold winters and moderate summers. In the focal district, spring starts from mid-February and keeps going till mid-May. Khorramabad is in this area. Be that as it may, southern zones, for example, Pol-e Dokhtar and Papi are in the way of the warm air flows of Khuzestan and have sweltering summers and moderately gentle winters.
The most noteworthy purpose of the territory is the Oshtoran Kooh crest at 4,050m. The low-lying territories being in the southernmost division of the region are roughly 500m above ocean level.
The capital of Lorestan Province, Khorramabad, was and stays one of the most significant urban areas in western Iran. The antiquated city of Khaydalu was at the center of where the advanced city of Khorramabad sits today, since the season of the Elam human progress. Shapurkhast, the antiquated city of Khorramabad, was based on its vestiges by the request for Shapur II, the tenth Sassanid ruler. Falak-ol Aflak is the image of the city staying from that period.
The city is currently situated on Freeway 5 which is an expressway associating Tehran and Bandar Imam and is a piece of North-South passageway which gives it an extraordinary association and vital centrality.
The city populace is dominatingly Lur and Lak, in spite of the fact that the two ethnicities are firmly related. It has a calm atmosphere with substantial precipitation especially in spring and winter which leaves the city with impressive underground water assets and various springs.
Khorramabad has numerous characteristic and recorded attractions that make it an ideal spot for voyagers.
Falak-ol Aflak Castle
On a stone slope overwhelming the city of Khorramabad, and close Khorram Rud River (or Khorramabad River), stands the Falak-ol Aflak manor (which means Heaven of Heavens). The structure which is additionally referred to by different names, for example, the twelve pinnacle manor, Shapurkhast fortress, and Atabakan Palace, was worked around 1800 years back and has been viewed as the image of Khorramabad through the ages.
The establishments of the genuine mansion measure around 300 by 400 meters (980 ft × 1,310 ft). The tallness of the whole structure, including the slope, ranges to 40 meters over the encompassing zone. The palace itself covers a zone of 5,300 square meters (57,000 sq ft).
Falak-ol Aflak Castle astoundingly seems to have been worked with an antiquated dehumidifier framework.
Already, the specialists accepted that the more noteworthy than 1 meter high channels, covering the whole zone underneath the stronghold were forts for the inhabitants. In any case, convincing proof currently recommends that to secure the stronghold against a changing atmosphere and the underground waters, the Sassanid engineers furnished it with dehumidifiers.
Falak-ol Aflak château is made of materials like stone and wood that are powerless against mugginess. This is the reason the palace was based on the most elevated purpose of the city of Khorramabad with the goal that the breeze could infiltrate the structure and dry its establishments.
The château has been changed over into an anthropological historical center exhibiting proof of the history, culture, and way of life of the individuals dwelling here.
Gerdab-e Sangi (which means stone whirlpool), privately called Gerdaw-e Bardineh, is a barrel shaped development made of stone and ‘Saruj’ – a blended mortar made of dirt with quicklime. Circling a few springs, the building sits close to the ancient Qomri Cave.
Its three diverse estimated outlets were intended to deal with the water originating from the springs and supply the old city of Shapurkhast with drinking water. The development was once utilized for proportioning and disseminating consumable and rural water among the neighborhood populace and ranchers.
It likewise used to run the water-plants, leftovers of which can be found in the region of the valley of Khorramabad, and the area of the antiquated city of Shapurkhast.
The structure has a width of 18 meters and it ascends to 10.3 meters over the springs underneath.
The compositional style and the materials utilized in its development demonstrate that the structure goes back to the Sassanid time frame. It is currently situated in the focal point of the city yet inside the old texture of the antiquated city.
Gerdab Sangi was enrolled on the National Heritage List in 1976.
Down the Bisheh train station on the North-South railroad close Khorramabad, Lorestan Province, lies Bisheh cascade. With a stature of around 48 meters from the top to where it arrives at the ground, Bisheh is undisputedly one of the most dynamite cascades in Iran.
- It is 20 meters wide on the top and 10 meters long before it joins the Sezar River. The cascade itself comprises of a few wellsprings which makes a superb picture before the eyes of any voyager.
- Huge oak woods encompass the Bisheh town and the train station and complete the landscape. Along the cascade and the station, resting spots and gazebos have been developed for the guests who have come to go through multi day in the wonderful climate of the district. There are additionally holds up for medium-term remains.
- Inside 65 km from Khorramabad, Bisheh Waterfall can be come to through a black-top street from the city. It was the 48th component to be engraved on the rundown of Iran characteristic legacy in 2008.